Being that Angola is holding its first election in 16 years, I have compiled a list of some leaders in Southern and Eastern Africa, and denoted when they assumed office. I have furthermore calculated their average length in office, which is 12 years.
I now wonder if this apparent inbreeding of ideas across the ruling elite is the explanation to the subcontinent's under development, or is it due to the fact that the countries are not allowed to find their own solutions, without the common wealth sticking their nose?
Angola: President José Eduardo dos Santos since 1979
Botswana: President Seretse Khama Ian Khama since 2008
Burundi: President Pierre Nkurunziza since 2005
Congo: President Denis Sassou Nguesso since 1997
DRC (former Zaire): President Joseph Kabila Kabange since 2001
Gabon: President El Hadj Omar Bongo Ondimba since 1967
Kenya: President Mwai Kibaki since 2002
Lestho: Prime minister Bethuel Pakalitha Mosisili since 1998
Malawi: President Bingu wa Mutharika since 2004
Marc Ravalomanana: President Marc Ravalomanana since 2002
Mauritius: President Anerood Jugnauth since 2003
Mozambique: President Armando Emílio Guebuza since 2005
Namibia: President Hifikepunye Lucas Pohamba since 2005
Rwanda: President Paul Kagame since 2000
South Africa: President Thabo Mbeki since 1999
Swaziland: King Mswati III since 1986
Uganda: President Yoweri Kaguta Museveni since 1986
Tanzania: President Jakaya Mrisho Kikwete since 2005
Zambia: President Levy Patrick Mwanawasa since 2002 (-2008)
Zimbabwe: President Robert Gabriel Mugabe since 1980
Uppdate: There seems to be some sort of ”power deal” in Zimbabwe between Mugabe and Tsvangari. Although, as stated above, it could be good with some fresh blood in office I have my sincere doubts that the situation in Zimbabwe will change significantly with Tsvangari in charge.
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